Assignment 6B – Herrle – Battlefield casualties

Battle-related deaths refer to those deaths caused by the warring parties that can be directly related to combat. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities (e.g. hit-and-run attacks/ambushes) and all kinds of bombardments of military bases, cities and villages etc. Urban warfare (bombs, explosions, and assassinations) does not resemble what happens on a battlefield, but such deaths are considered to be battle-related. The target for the attacks is either the military forces or representatives for the parties, though there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in the crossfire, indiscriminate bombings, etc. All fatalities – military as well as civilian – incurred in such situations are counted as battle-related deaths.

The data presented by UCDP is based on information taken from a selection of publicly available sources, which include news agencies, journals, research reports, and documents of international and multinational organizations and NGOs.

Little information on the exact number of deaths in conflict is usually available, and media coverage varies considerably from country to country. Due to the lack of
available information, it is possible that there are more fatalities than the UCDP high estimate, but it is very unlikely that there is fewer than the UCDP best estimate.

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